1st Session







H.J. Res. 69

United States House of Representatives

January 9, 2023


Sponsored By: Rep Ian A. Medina (D-FL)



Section 1. A joint resolution proposing an amendment to the constitution of the United States adding an amendment with a clause that makes capitalism the rule of law that is enforceable by the executive branch.


Section 2. Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein), that the following joint resolution be enacted and enforced against the territories under our sovereignty.

Section 3. Pursuant to duly executed legislative action by the powers granted in me by Congress, the United States of America adds an amendment to the Constitution of the United States that expressly makes capitalism the official system in commerce, enterprise and business in the United States of America. 


Section 4. All work, labor, occupation, profession, career, business, employment, position, pursuit, vocation, calling, field, trade, commerce, dealing, trafficking, marketing, merchandising, bargaining, dealings, transactions and/or negotiations shall be private completely, wholly and entirely, except for the corporations and/or sole proprietorships that publicize in the American stock exchange pursuant to federal law. See Securities Act of 1933, Pub. L. 73-221, 48 Stat. § 74, codified as 15 USC § 77a, et. seq.; Securities Exchange Act of 1934, Pub. L. 73-291, 44 Stat. § 881, codified as 15 USC § 78a, et. seq.


Section 5. This legislation enacted herein is done with power granted in customary law, which is a reflection of the industry trends and pattern practices in American commerce, American enterprise and American business. As such, this legislation is a real and valid representation of the majority will of the people of the United States of America and is hereby enacting with majority support as deep-rooted American capitalists. 


Section 6. This resolution expressly differentiates between a state actor (e.g., government officials, politicians, military, government contractors, public school teachers, public school professors, judges, etc.) and a private actor (e.g., businessmen, businesswomen, doctors, attorneys, accountants, lobbyists, therapists, nurses, engineers, etc.) as two different streams in our system wholly, entirely and completely differentiated, detached, unrelated and separate. 


Section 7. As such, the economic system in the United States of America is capitalist and thus private. The means of production of goods and services is vested in the private actors that comprise the private economic system. Goods as used herein is a tangible item sold to consumers that consumers desire and services as used herein are not a tangible or physical entity, but rather tasks performed for the benefit of the consumer.


Section 8. To the extent allowed by the aforementioned federal statutory law and this Joint Resolution, supra, the Securities and Exchange Commission shall regulate private American enterprise on a limited, discrete and reserved basis in furtherance of the freest market allowable by law. 


Section 9. All private American enterprise is subject to the taxation laws of the United States of America and the Constitution of the United States as amended in the Congress. U.S. Const. XVI; 26 U.S.C. § 61, et. seq.


Section 10. Everything vested herein is non-negotiable, non-transferable and non-delegable. Any and all claims at law and equity arising out of this legislation is subject to legislative immunity and barred. The drafters of this legislation reserve all the rights, privileges, immunities and benefits available at law. 

Section 11. As such, any and all cases and/or controversies arising from this legislation are barred under the Speech or Debate Clause of Article I of the Constitution of the United States. U.S. Const. art. I, § 6, cl. 1.


Section 12. Thus, this Joint Resolution is enacted in the Congress duly assembled thereby hardening American capitalism and ameliorating the business industry, which is a compelling state interest done with power conferred in the Commerce Clause of the Constitution of the United States of America. U.S. Const. art. I, § 8, cl. 3; Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States, 379 U.S. § 241, 254 (1964). 


Sponsored by Rep. Ian A. Medina (D-FL): 01/09/2023


Passes the U.S. House:


Passes the U.S. Senate: 


Sent to Governors & Ratified By 3/4ths State Legislatures in All States:


Signed by President Joseph R. Biden: 


*President’s signature is superfluous and has no legal effect