118th CONGRESS

1st Session

 

 

 

H. RES. 720

An Act that federalizes education (just a little) in the United States imposing a standard, rigorous American curriculum for grades K-12, standardized testing for grades 1,3,5,7,9 and 11 and a teacher salary and wages pay raise by the U.S. Department of Education to all teachers in the United States.

 

 

 

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED STATES

 

January 9, 2023

 

Sponsored & Introduced By: Rep. Ian A. Medina (D-FL)

 

RESOLUTION

An Act that federalizes education (just a little) in the United States imposing a standard, rigorous American curriculum for grades K-12, standardized testing for grades 1,3,5,7,9 and 11 and a teacher salary and wages pay raise by the U.S. Department of Education to all teachers in the United States.

 

WHEREAS, education in the United States is wholly delegated to the states through the police power to local school boards that currently lack resources and guidance from the federal government; and

 

WHEREAS, the U.S. Department of Education is poised to be more influential on local school boards and have oversight in local school board decisions to set the standard in American education by having a national curriculum and standardized testing; and

 

WHEREAS, there is disparate education in the United States with some districts having excellent education and in other districts having subpar education; the trend being that rural school systems are often left behind in comparison to urban school systems; 

 

WHEREAS, teachers are underpaid and deserve monies from the U.S. Department of Education to raise their salaries and wages for instructing and educating the young people of the United States and making us all smarter;

 

NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED, THAT THE UNITED STATES HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES---

Section 001. Cited As

This legislation can be cited as the "Federalize Education & Teacher Pay Raise Act", 97 U.S.C. §001-118 (2023). 

 

Section 100. Federalizing Education (Just A Little)

 

This legislation hereby federalizes education (just a little) by giving the federal government oversight of decision-making, management and operation of state school systems and local school boards to the U.S. Department of Education. The U.S. Department of Education shall have final authority over all education matters and will require local school boards to abide by stringent education standards to be developed by the U.S. Department of Education. 

 

Section 101. Purpose

 

The purpose of this legislation is to federalize education (just a little), enact nationwide American educational curriculum, impose required standardized testing and increase the salary and wages of all teachers in the United States

 

Section 102. Legislative Authority

 

This legislation is made pursuant to the Necessary and Proper Clause of the Constitution of the United States, which reads: “The Congress  shall have Power . . . ] To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.” U.S. Const. art. I, § 8, cl. 18 (2022). Moreover, this legislation is made pursuant to the Commerce Clause of the Constitution of the United States because education is involved in interstate commerce by strengthening the economy with educated and competent individuals put out in the workforce. U.S. Const. art. I, § 8, cl. 3 (2022). 

 

Section 103. Nationwide K-12 Curriculum 

 

This legislation enacts a nationwide grades K-12 curriculum that requires rigorous yearly instruction in math, science, social studies, language arts, 2 electives and a foreign language. Students will be encouraged to be involved in extracurricular activities and sports in addition to excelling in academics. This nationwide K-12 curriculum shall be based on American Common Core State Standards for English, Language Arts, Math, History & Geography, and Next-Generation Science Standards. 

 

Section 104. Standardized Testing

This legislation enacts a nationwide standardized testing requirement to be delegated and fulfilled by the states in creating and administering a standardized testing regime that abides by the federal requirements imposed by the U.S. Department of Education.

 

Section 105. Teacher Salary & Wages Pay Raise

The U.S. Department of Education will provide all teachers entry-level compensation in GS-15 starting at $112,890 per year with no experience. All teachers with experience shall be paid higher according to their level of experience as determined by the Secretary of Education in the U.S. Department of Education.  

 

Section 106. Professionalizing Teachers.

This legislation hereby professionalizes teachers as a high-achieving and high-paying career in the United States. 

 

Section 107. Quarterly Federal Audit

The U.S. Department of Education shall conduct quarterly federal audits of each local school board and local school systems to ensure compliance with federal standards and federal requirements. The U.S. Department of Education will contact the local superintendent quarterly and send a federal delegation to tour randomly selected schools and sit-in to different classes before writing and sending a quality report and recommendations with or without endorsement. All school systems that receive a quality report and recommendations without endorsement will have six (6) months to integrate the recommendations into the operations, management and policy of the school system. All school systems that receive a quality report and recommendations with endorsement do not have to do anything and have been endorsed by the federal government as a school system up to federal American education standards.  

 

Section 108. PSAT Requirement Grades 9 & 10

The U.S. Department of Education shall require all students in grades 9 and 10 to sit for a Practice Standardized Assessment Test (PSAT) in each grade as a requirement to graduate from high school. 

 

Section 109. Delegation; Intent

All else and/or anything left unsaid by this legislation is to be decided by the states and/or local school boards as delegated police power to the states and local school boards. The intent of the drafters of this legislation is to keep education mostly at the state/local level and to simply federalize education just a bit to have oversight over education matters at the state/local level and be able to raise the salary and wages of teachers that badly need it and deserve it. 

 

Section 110. Investment in STEM Education

The federal government of the United States appropriates and allocates $5 billion in STEM education research, innovation, grants, scholarships to develop an education infrastructure in the United States to better educate the masses to better handle social problems and to better lead the United States into the future. 

 

Section 111. No Inferred Rights, Privileges, Immunities And/Or Benefits

 

Nothing in this chapter shall be inferred to confer any rights, privileges, immunities and/or benefits, neither actually nor constructively to any person or entity except as expressed herein. 

 

Section 112. Reservation of all Rights, Privileges, Immunities And/Or Benefits

 

The Congress of the United States of America reserves all rights, privileges, immunities and/or benefits available at law regarding this legislation. 

 

Section 113. Subsequent Jurisprudence Barred By Political Question Doctrine 

 

Any case and/or controversy arising out of this legislation against any party is barred by political question doctrine. U.S. Const. art. III, § 2, c. 1. 

 

Section 114. Legislative Immunity

 

Any case and/or controversy arising out of this legislation against any member of Congress is barred by the Speech or Debate Clause of the Constitution of the United States of America. U.S. Const. art. I, § 6, c. 1. 

 

Section 115. Federal Preemption

 

This legislation hereby preempts the states and any cases/controversies arising in state government is preempted by the Supremacy Clause of the Constitution of the United States of America. U.S. Const. art. VI, c. 2. 

 

Section 116. Repeal of Old, Previous Legislation

 

Any state and/or federal legislation contrary to this legislation are hereby repealed, disused, voided and rendered invalid. Thus, this legislation shall replace the old, previous legislation that is in full force and effect. 

 

Section 117. Antagonistic Jurisprudence

 

Any antagonistic jurisprudence contrary to this legislation is hereby rendered moot, repealed, disused, voided and rendered invalid. Thus, this legislation shall replace the antagonistic jurisprudence that is in full force and effect.

 

Section 118. Subsequent Legislation

 

Any subsequent legislation, except a duly made amendment to this legislation by concurrence of a majority of each chamber of Congress, is of no valid force and effect. 

 

Sponsored By Rep. Ian A. Medina (D-FL): 01/09/2023

 

Passes U.S. House:

 

Passes U.S. Senate:

 

Signed Into Law By President Joseph R. Biden: